There are several tests intended to identify gestational diabetes in pregnant women. These tests will diagnose whether diabetes exists or not by indicating whether or not the body is using glucose (a type of sugar) effectively.
One-Hour Glucose Test
-No special diet needs to be followed and you do not need to fast
-Drink glucola within 5 minutes
-Do NOT eat or drink anything after glucola (No mints, chewing gum, etc). Water is acceptable.
-Blood will be drawn one hour later.
All pregnant women should be screened for gestational diabetes (a condition that develops during pregnancy when the body is not able to make enough insulin).
If you test shows your blood sugar level was high, you will need another test:
3-Hour Glucose Tolerance Test
-Please bring a snack for conclusion of test and some reading material or something you can do during the down times of this test.
-Nothing to eat or drink, no chewing gum or mints for 8 Hours before the test (You may have water). Recommend this test start at 8:00 am.
-For 3 days prior to the test eat well-balanced meals with extra carbohydrates (Examples – Yogurt, Milk, Fruits, Starches/Breads)
-You will have a fasting blood sample drawn
-Drink the entire contents of the glucola within 5 minutes
-Do not smoke during the testing time
-Do not eat or drink anything other than water during the testing time
-Your blood will be drawn three or more times at 1-hour intervals
-Please let the nurse know if you are having dizziness, nausea, or other problems during testing
-When the test is over, you will need to have a snack available to eat, if you do not have one, one will be provided for you.
-If you continue to feel dizzy or have other symptoms, you will need to have someone to drive you home.
Information Provided by MUSC Women’s Services